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'Water Structure and Science' Site Edits

This page will list the noteworthy edits when made. More significant changes have been documented elsewhere. Most (but not all) newly added references are added at the end of the reference list.


Minor Edits


Sept 21 2021

Added the ionic liquids section

Aug 24 2021

Added the hydrogen bonding and molecular recognition section

Apr 26 2021

Added the ionic strength section and hydrogen bonding and molecular recognition

Mar 23 2021

Added the specific heat figure

Mar 15 2021

Added the isopermittivity figure

Feb 24 2021

Added the sulfur trioxide section

Feb 23 2021

Added a figure showing the position of fifth water molecules next to tetrahedral water clusters

Jan 20 2021

Added a short section on power

Nov 11 2020

Added a short postscript paragraph on the Mpemba effect Power

Nov 11 2020

Added the ozone section

Nov 9 2020

Edited the entropy-enthalpy compensation section

Nov 6 2020

Edited the carbon dioxide sectionEntropy-enthalpy compensation

Nov 3 2020

Edited the negative pressure section

Oct 19 2020

Added the definition of water hardness section

Oct 16 2020

Added the water transfer across membranes section

Sept 4 2020

Added the closo-dodecaborate anion section

Aug 23 2020

Added the hydrated glucose figure

Aug 20 2020

Added the collagen figure

Aug 13 2020

Added the giant Mo240 hollow opening dodecahedra section

Aug 6 2020

Moved the silica interfaces section to the aqueous silicates page

Jul 14 2020

Added the hyaluronic acid section

Jul 10 2020

Added the hydrogen fluoride section

Jul 3 2020

Added the sulfuric acid section

Jul 1 2020

Edited the sucrose figure

Jun 21 2020

Edited the cyclodextrin section

Jun 4 2020

Edited the sections on SI units and Tritium

May 23 2020

Added Duška's Equation of State model

May 20 2020

Added the Negative pressure paragraph

May 15 2020

Added the Johnson-Mehl-Avrami-Kolmogorov phase change equation

May 10 2020

Edited the water absorption graph to give minimum

Apr 8 2020

Added large anions structures

Apr 3 2020

Added a new tricyclo-decamer facts

Mar 31 2020

Added a new AT CG diagram

Mar 26 2020

Added the ascorbate peroxidase section and expanded the TMAO and DMF section

Mar 22 2020

Added the cyclic arenes dissociation to to C16 section

Mar 1 2020

Edited the urea and guanidinium sections

Feb 3 2020

Added the Silica interfaces section

Nov 25 2019

Added the water activity of glycerol figure

Nov 22 2019

Added the Antifreeze proteins section

Nov 20 2019

Added the Membrane distillation section

Nov 12 2019

Added the ClO4(H2O)16, SO42−(H2O)16 and PO43−(H2O)16 figure

Oct 3 2019

Added the bicarbonate figure

Oct 1 2019

Added the Solar powered water harvesting section

Sept 28 2019

Expanded the commentary on the Australian Homeopathy Report

Sept 16 2019

Edited the ectoine figure

Sept 3 2019

Added the (H2O)25 pancake-like cluster figure

Aug 28 2019

Added the thermal expansion coefficient figure

Aug 23 2019

Edited the amide figure

Aug 12 2019

Raman vs Infrared spectroscopy section added

May 10 2019

Split of the Ice VII section to a separate page

May 1 2019

Added the ice χ section

Apr 12 2019

Added a dielectric constant figure

Apr 3 2019

Added to the zeta potential section

Mar 13 2019

Stephane Humbel corrected my nomenclature note

Mar 2 2019

Added the Fenton reaction diagram

Dec 21 2018

Added the Mixed confinement section

Dec 17 2018

Added the Capillary condensation section

Nov 7 2018

Added pH approximation diagram in new Weak acids section

Oct 26 2018

Edited the two Ion pair, Ion pair diagrams

Oct 21 2018

Added Forward osmosis section

Oct 20 2018

Added Dimer stability diagram

Oct 18 2018

Added comments concerning the freeze-thaw of CO2- containing solutions

Oct 15 2018

Edited the Cole-Cole plot

Sept 4 2018

Added the Helmholtz free energy section to the Thermodynamics page

Aug 30 2018

Added Reaction of water with ionizing radiation section to the Oxygen and water page

Aug 11 2018

Added Cavity filling section

July 4 2018

Added Redox reactions of O2 to the Oxygen and water page

July 3 2018

Added The Leidenfrost effect and Hexagonally-patterned microdroplets to the Steam page

Jun 28 2018 Added CO2 and CO clathrate hydrates and Carbonic acid (H2CO3) sections
Jun 25 2018 Added two figures to the Aqueous alcohol page
Jun 17 2018 Added the Is liquid water one liquid or two? section
Jun 16 2018 Increased the Clathrate hydrate section
Jun 12 2018 Added the Pressure retarded osmosis section
May 26 2018 Split off the Diffusion and Brownian motion page
May 25 2018 Edited the ES - CS figure
May 21 2018 Split off the Similarities of EZ-water to osmotically-generated surface water section
May19 2018 Split Strange water and Effects of oxygen on water from Polywater and EZ page
May19 2018 Added the lifetime of the clusters section
May12 2018 Added the nitrate/nitrite section
May 7, 2018 Added the Lorentzian curve section
May 2, 2018 Added the Chemical potential section
May 2, 2018 Edited and added to the Osmotic pressure page
Feb 27, 2018 Checked and extended the Comparison of hexagonal and cubic ice table
Feb 27, 2018 Reorganized the Interfacial water page
Feb 26, 2018 Added a Heat capacity, Fugacity, and The Practical Salinity Scale sections
Feb 25, 2018 Combined Cluster equilibria pages
Feb 25, 2018 Edited the Sunlight figure and added Young's equation section
Feb 24, 2018 Added a Tetahedrality section
Feb 22, 2018 Added a What is in 'water'? and an Effect of oxygen on water section
Feb 15, 2018 Added an Electrodialysis section
Feb 8, 2018 Added a supporting nanobubble interface paper
Feb 7, 2018 Added to the Superionic ice section
Feb 7, 2018 Added the water trimer in C84 fullerene figure
Jan 26, 2018 Added the Ternary phase diagram for hydrotropes
Jan 2, 2018 Extended the Prions section
Dec 22, 2017 Edited the Metastable phase diagram in the light of [3134]
Dec 20, 2017 Added the Surfactants and nanoemulsions section
Dec 16, 2017 Edited the Effect of pressure on freezing point figure
Dec 15, 2017 Added the Water in the solar system section
Nov 12, 2017 Edited the Zero-point entropy section
Oct 31, 2017 Changed the Table of Contents page as the drop-down lists stopped working.
Oct 26, 2017 Added The effect on biphasic partitioning section to the Hofmeister series page.
Oct 9, 2017 Added to the global warming section to the Water on Earth page
Oct 7, 2017 Added the water as a release agent section to the Protein hydration page.
Oct 5, 2017 Added the speed of sound with pressure figure to the Density anomalies page
Oct 3, 2017 The Water's Two-State Cluster History page has been extended
Sept 25, 2017 Added the Interaction with water section to the Cellulose page
Sept 18, 2017 Added the Capillary flow cause of ring stains section to the Capillaries page
Sept 5, 2017 Added the β-Ice-fifteen section
Sept 4, 2017 Added Universal indicator pH chart to the Water dissociation page
Aug 31, 2017 Extended journal abbreviations in the References
Aug 30, 2017 Added the Van der Waals interactions section to the Hydrogen bonds page
Aug 15, 2017 Added the microcrystalline cellulose section
Aug 15, 2017 Added to the NMR spin-lattice relaxation time anomalies section
Aug 14, 2017 Added Rationale for the lo- temperature anomalies of liquid water section
July 27, 2017 Moved the surface of ice section
July 25, 2017 Changed the data for pKa water and the associated derivations
July 24, 2017 Added ice 2nd neighbors figure
July 14, 2017 Added Nanobubble detection and characterization section
July 10, 2017 Added new confined ice figure
July 1, 2017 Added figure to the volume isotope anomaly
Jun 27, 2017 Added high-pressure CP anomaly
Jun 11, 2017 Added X-ray figure of nucleic acids
May 21, 2017 Made Hydrotropes into a new section
May 7, 2017 Extended molecular dimension figures
Apr 27, 2017 Extended pressure-viscosity figure with its source
Apr 24, 2017 Added icosahexahedral cavity figure and its source
Apr 11, 2017 Changed ice density figure and its source
Mar 29, 2017 Added spin-spin and spin-lattice versus reciprocal temperature figure
Dec 16, 2016 Gives response to the debunking of the recent paper concerning the Mpemba effect
Dec 13, 2016 Further debunks a recent paper concerning the Mpemba effect
Dec 11, 2016 Added the section on the effect of surfaces on interfacial water activity.
Dec 11, 2016 Added the idea that high water activity aids ice formation at protein surfaces.
Dec 9, 2016 Added important paper and Figure showing the Mpemba effect
Dec 7, 2016 Debunks a recent paper concerning the Mpemba effect
Nov 18, 2016 Added a water wire figure
Nov 12, 2016 Extended the antifreeze protein section
Oct 16, 2016 Added a Triglyceride hydration section
Oct 13, 2016 Separated off a new permittivity anomaly.
Sept 28, 2016 Shifted Supercooled water to its own page
Sept 25, 2016 Added Protein melting point figure sections
Sept 11, 2016 Added Osmotic pressure of polymers and Relation of osmotic pressure to vapor pressure sections
Sept 3, 2016 Added Diffusion section
Aug 2, 2016 Edits to Polywater page
Aug 1, 2016 Added potential energy diagrams to water molecule and H5O2+
July 13, 2016 Added the effect of charge on surface tension figure
July 7, 2016 Added Arrhenius plots to amorphous ice page
July 7, 2016 Shifted 2nd critical points in phase diagrams to latest value; ≥ 210 K, 35-50 MPa
July 5, 2016 Shifted Water desalination to its own page
July 2, 2016 Added Ion pairing section
July 1, 2016 Added Hydrophobic versus hydrophilic interfaces section
Jun 30, 2016 Added Quantum effects section
Jun 16, 2016 Shifted three paragraphs from Moles,molarity and molality page to Colligative properties page
Jun 14, 2016 Added Cholesterol and membrane hydration section
May 24, 2016 Added a refractive index figure
May 23, 2016 Edits to water methods page
May 18, 2016 Added a plate tectonics section
May 15, 2016 Added an ice density anomaly figure
Apr 26, 2016 Added a Water molecules confined in beryl nanovoids section
Mar 16, 2016 Switched Reverse Osmosis section to Hard water, descaling and desalination page
Mar 7, 2016 Added a Water dimer inside fullerene C70 section
Mar 5, 2016 Added a clathrate connectivity map (Schlegel diagram) figure
Feb 23, 2016 Added Aqueous solutions models and Supercooled water sections
Feb 15, 2016 Added Water in the mantle section
Feb 9, 2016 Added Hydrogen bonds in the nucleic acids section
Dec 16, 2015 Added Venturi effect section
Dec 14, 2015 Switched sections of FAQ page to cluster evidence and cluster history pages
Nov 23, 2015 Edits to homeopathy and memory of water pages
Nov18, 2015 Added memory of water dilution figure
Nov17, 2015 Switched some material between the Homeopathy and Memory of Water pages
Nov16, 2015 Added hydrogel section
Nov 8, 2015 Moved hard water to descaling page
Oct 27, 2015 Added homeopathy figures
Oct 22, 2015 Added dimer energy figure
Oct 17, 2015 Added Comparison with trimer and tetramer section

Oct 14, 2015

Added LDA-ES comparison figure

Sept 22, 2015

Added Sum frequency generation section

Sept 21, 2015

Edited the Interfacial water page

Sept 19, 2015

Edited the Self-generation of osmotic pressure page

Sept 15, 2015

Added partial molar volume of ethanol figure

Sept 9, 2015

Added figures and further explanation of surface tension and image charge

Aug 14, 2015

Added 3 figures to the clathrate section

Aug 12, 2015

Added the bubbles section

Aug 7, 2015

Added the dissociation volume figure

Aug 3, 2015

Edited the methane hydrate map figure

July 22, 2015

Edited the electrolysis figure

July 20, 2015

Added the H3O+ inversion figure

July 15, 2015

Edited the electrolysis figures and added material on electrolytic ozone.

July 13, 2015

Edited and added an ice_eight figure

July 10, 2015

Added the water cycle section

July 9, 2015

Added the redox potential of water section and pH electrode figure

July 7, 2015

Added the alcoholic tears section

July 3, 2015

Added the contact angle figure

July 2, 2015

Edited the effect of pressure on ambient water figure

July 1, 2015

Added the ice diffractogram figure

Jun 24, 2015

Edited the phase diagram to add and correct water density lines

Jun 19, 2015

Added effect of pressure on ambient water figure

Jun 18, 2015

Added another protein-recognition example

Jun 17, 2015

Edited the CO2-water figure

Jun 15, 2015

Edited the alcohol-water figure

May 28, 2015

Corrected Jones-Dole B-value for citrate (error kindly pointed out by Professor Roger Wartell)

May 27, 2015

Split off urea and guanidinium sections

May 23, 2015

Added ba3-oxidoreductase figure

May 20, 2015

Added 5-coordinated water figure

May 18, 2015

Added CO2 solution figure

May 13, 2015

Added electromagnetic spectrum figure

May 5, 2015

Added square ice figure

Apr 29, 2015

Switched some material from water spectrum page to water on Earth page.

Apr 28, 2015

Edited the stacking disordered page and its figures.

Apr 26, 2015

Added figure showing neutron diffraction data for the amorphous ices.

Apr 17, 2015

Added hexagonal ice, ice XI, ice II triple point to water phase diagram

Feb 19, 2015

Added methane hydrate phase diagram

Feb 17, 2015

Edited the Phase Diagram to remove metastable ices

Jan 22, 2015

Added number of hydrogen bonds figure

Jan 9, 2015

Added ice carbons section

Jan 8, 2015

Added Leidenfrost figure

Jan 7, 2015

Added microwave absorption spectroscopy
Jan 4, 2015 Added DNA repair hypothesis
Dec 23, 2014 Added osmotic potential section
Nov 5, 2014 Added explanation of Dynamic light scattering and Resonant mass measurement.
Oct 28, 2014 Added 'The effect of salt' section to water activity page, a comparison of the osmotic coefficients of salts and a comparison of the activity coefficients of salts
Oct 23, 2014 Reservations expressed concerning the specific heat/pressure anomaly
Oct 22, 2014 Added enthalpy of fusion figure
Oct 17, 2014 Added frozen freshwater lake figure
Oct 16, 2014 Added global warming figures
Oct 8, 2014 Reverted water's spectrum to an earlier version
Sept 30, 2014 Reviewed all Figures and site spell check
Sept 19, 2014 Added capillary rise figure
Sept 8, 2014 Added Prandtl number anomaly
Sept 7, 2014 Added platonic solids angle data.
Aug 29, 2014 Edited the 'Descaling of Water' page and added a details concerning CaCO3 solubility
Aug 23, 2014 Added a further dielectric figure
Aug 3, 2014 Added ice Ih radial distribution function
July 26, 2014 Edited water in protein function section
July 26, 2014 Edited strong/fragile figure
July 15, 2014 Added hydrated CsI cluster figure
July 10, 2014 Added material on computer ices
July 5, 2014 Added material on 'ordered' cubic ice
July 1, 2014 Edited surface tension figure
Jun 8, 2014 Edited hydrogen ion figure
Jun 1, 2014 Edited Hydrogen ions page and added 3 figures.
May 30, 2014 Edited amorphous ice figure
May 24, 2014 Edited ice VII figure
May 17, 2014 Added a number of photographic images to perk up some pages
May 16, 2014 Added bile acids figure
May 15, 2014 Added DLVO figure
May 13, 2014 Edited amorphous ice figure
May 12, 2014 Added a separate section on very high-pressure ice, and edited surface figure
May 11, 2014 Added a small section on osmotic stress methodology
May 9, 2014 Edited a nanobubble figure to correct zeta potential position
May 6, 2014 Added dissociation figure and radiation sign
May 5, 2014 Minor changes to connectivity figures and text
May 3, 2014 Added % water in the air, well water, ispaghula husks, glass of water and floating ice figures
May 2, 2014 Slight revisions to nanobubble page including new figure
Apr 30, 2014 Added hard water comment, water model, bifurcation and methane hydrate figures
Apr 27, 2014 Added color of water, ice-nine, hydrogen bond and water symmetry figures
Apr 26, 2014 Additions to the Evidence and Ionization pages, Change Ionization page title.
Apr 25, 2014 Added D2O phase lines.
Apr 24, 2014 Edited the periodic table
Apr 22, 2014 Edited the density figures
Apr 6, 2014 Edited the molecular size anomaly and figures
Apr 4, 2014 Changed (updated) references [348, 607]and vibration data
Apr 2, 2014 Edited the thermal conductivity figure
Mar 22, 2014 Edited the periodic table
Mar 21, 2014 Added cartoon to help explain density increase without reduction in intermolecular separation
Mar 20, 2014 Edited the nanobubble page adding two figures
Mar 12, 2014 Edited diffusion figure
Mar 11, 2014 Edited maximum density and CP minimum figures
Jan 28, 2014 Added ion hydration figure
Jan 18, 2014 Corrected  iAMOEBA parameters.
Jan 14, 2014 Added figure for cyclic pentamer hydrogen-bonding oscillation.
Jan 1, 2014 Added comment on anomalous properties under isopycnic conditions.
Jan 1, 2014 Added 1g.cm−3 density line to phase diagram
Nov 8, 2013 Corrected errors in the cyclodextrin structures
Oct 21, 2013 Added cellulose II cartoon
Oct 6, 2013 Added pressure data into supplementary water data table
Oct 5, 2013 Changed density data for LDA and cubic ice
Oct 3, 2013 Added possible second critical point information to the metastable phase diagram
Oct 1, 2013 Added information concerning the partial dissociation of ice-seven.
Sept 26, 2013 Corrected ring sizes in ice V as from [2021].
May 15, 2013 Added figure of the 6 THz vibration
Apr 9, 2013 Added figure of the difference in the compressibilities ( βTS) with temperature
Apr 8, 2013 Updated the phase diagram
Apr 7, 2013 Added Jones-Ray figure and ionic surface tension increment data
Apr 1, 2013 Added further explanation for nanobubble stability
Mar 24, 2013 Minor edit to electrolysis figure
Mar 14, 2013 Added ortho/para water figure
Feb 25, 2013 Added wave animations
Feb 22, 2013 Edited expansivity figure
Jan 20, 2013 Added explanation for the kinetics of osmosis.
Jan 8, 2013 Added reference to a theory for magnetic descaling
Jan 7, 2013 Added a comment on nanobubble nomenclature
Nov 29, 2012 Added a comparison figure on enthalpy of evaporation
Nov 28, 2012 Added a paragraph on artifacts caused by dissolved gas
Nov 25, 2012 Added some conversion factors
Nov 19, 2012 Added ice VII - pressure figure
Sept 15, 2012 Edited golden ratio pentamer figure
Sept 14, 2012 Added hydrogen bond length figure
Aug 17, 2012 Added NMR relaxation time figure
Aug 8, 2012 Edited the ion hydration page
Aug 2, 2012 Edited and added a material to the relative permittivity anomaly.
July 14, 2012 Added a strong explanation of the Mpemba effect.
July 13, 2012 Added text and figures concerning extremely low-frequency electromagnetic fields, Game of Life cluster analogy for water cluster lifetimes, a comment on trimethylamine N-oxide, a little bit on pH, more strange relationships, the reason for thunder and lightning and the effect of water on glass.
July 3, 2012 Added 'Colours of Water' festival announcement.
July 1, 2012 Edited some heavy atoms in Periodic Table
June 21, 2012 Added another clathrate hydrate (HS-IQ)
June 12, 2012 Added material on CO2 pKa1 .
June 10, 2012 Added DNA minor groove hydration picture and temperature of maximum density graph.
June 9, 2012 Added a graph showing the two-phase composition of liquid water and a table of errors given by rigid models.
June 5, 2012 Added a density comparison graph and comparative spectra for H2O, D2O and T2O
June 4, 2012 Added zeta potential graph and H2O/D2O/HOD equilibrium graphs.
June 1, 2012 Added material on dissolved CO2.
May 29, 2012 Updated the fullerane page and added some tritiated water vibrational data.
May 26, 2012 Shows C60(OH)24.
May 24, 2012 Added to the ultra-viscous deeply supercooled water section.
May 22, 2012 Added acid ion-pairs and edited H2O molecular orbital diagram.
May 21, 2012 Added phase diagram with volumes.
May 19, 2012 Added references to 'bubstons', helium washing, OH(H2O)20, hydrogen bond strength calculations, hydrogen bonds and solubility, added to and corrected the triple point table, and the Clausius-Clapeyron equation.

May 13, 2012

May 12, 2012

Date this page started. Minor edits within the last month before May 12, 2012 have included: many gifs improved; changed the van der Waals figure; redrew the Phase Diagram; added details about high-density ice work; added data on HDO spectra and the absorption of light from the sun; redrew the anomalies graph; added graph of bond length changes with pressure; added ellipsometry data; added vapor pressure behavior with temperature; corrections have been made to the shell data; added water activity graph for hydrocolloids; added to alcohol section; added acetate hydration; added photos of bottles of water; added water activity of glucose solutions; added more concerning the golden ratio and platonic solids; edited the amorphous ice phase diagram.




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This page was established in 2012 and last updated by Martin Chaplin on 21 September, 2021

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