Temp.,°C |
Dynamic
viscosity,mPa ˣ s |
Change
in viscosity with pressure,ps |
Compressibility,GPa ^{−1 a} |
Density,kg ˣ m ^{−3 a} |
Speed
of sound,m ˣ s ^{−1} |
Specific
heat,J ˣ mol ^{−1} ˣ K^{−1} |
Thermal
expansivity,10 ^{−3} K^{−1 a} |
Vapor pressure, kPa |
Molar volume, cm^{−3} |
||
---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|---|

β_{T} |
β_{S} |
C_{P}^{ a} |
C_{V} |
||||||||

-38 ^{
e
} |
1.1581 |
0.8023 |
968.1 |
1135 |
108 |
75 ^{
c
} |
-2.963 |
0.016 ^{
f
} |
18.609 |
||

-30 |
8.989 |
-30 |
0.8079 |
0.7109 |
983.9 |
1196 ^{ b} |
90 |
79.19 ^{ c} |
-1.400 |
0.051 |
18.311 |

-20 |
4.473 |
-12 |
0.6425 |
0.6175 |
993.6 |
1277 ^{ b} |
80.2 |
77.08 ^{ c} |
-0.661 |
0.126 |
18.132 |

-10 |
2.668 |
-5.4 |
0.5583 |
0.5531 |
998.1 |
1346 ^{ b} |
77.2 |
76.47 ^{ c} |
-0.292 |
0.287 |
18.049 |

0 |
1.792 |
-2.5 |
0.5089 |
0.5086 |
999.8 |
1402 |
76.01 |
75.97 |
-0.068 |
0.611 |
18.018 |

10 |
1.307 |
-1.0 |
0.4781 |
0.4776 |
999.7 |
1448 |
75.57 |
75.49 |
0.088 |
1.228 |
18.021 |

20 |
1.002 |
-0.4 |
0.4589 |
0.4559 |
998.2 |
1483 |
75.38 |
74.88 |
0.207 |
2.339 |
18.048 |

30 |
0.797 |
-0.05 |
0.4477 |
0.4410 |
995.7 |
1510 |
75.30 |
74.17 |
0.303 |
4.247 |
18.094 |

40 |
0.653 |
0.04 |
0.4424 |
0.4312 |
992.2 |
1530 |
75.29 |
73.38 |
0.385 |
7.385 |
18.157 |

50 |
0.547 |
0.08 |
0.4417 |
0.4253 |
988.0 |
1543 |
75.33 |
72.53 |
0.458 |
12.353 |
18.234 |

60 |
0.467 |
0.11 |
0.4450 |
0.4229 |
983.2 |
1551 |
75.39 |
71.64 |
0.523 |
19.947 |
18.323 |

70 |
0.400 |
0.14 |
0.4516 |
0.4230 |
977.8 |
1555 |
75.49 |
70.71 |
0.584 |
31.202 |
18.425 |

80 |
0.355 |
0.17 |
0.4614 |
0.4258 |
971.8 |
1554 |
75.61 |
69.77 |
0.641 |
47.415 |
18.538 |

90 |
0.310 |
0.19 |
0.4743 |
0.4309 |
965.4 |
1550 |
75.76 |
68.82 |
0.696 |
70.181 |
18.663 |

100 |
0.283 |
0.20 |
0.4902 |
0.4382 |
958.4 |
1543 |
75.95 |
67.89 |
0.750 |
101.325 |
18.798 |

Ref. |
[69] |
[68] |
^{ d} |
[70] |
[67] |
[67] |
[68] |
[67] |
[70] |

^{a} Equations
generating the specific volumes, specific isobaric heat capacities,
thermal expansion coefficients, and isothermal compressibility
coefficients over a range of temperatures and pressures are
available [399].
[Back]

^{b} Calculated using
the equation *u*^{2} = 1/β_{S}ρ where *u* is the speed of sound (m s^{−1}), β_{S} is the adiabatic compressibility (Pa^{−1}),
and ρ is the density (kg m^{−3}).
[Back]

^{c} Calculated using
the equation where T=temperature (K), V=molar volume (m^{3} mol^{−1}), α=thermal expansivity (K^{−1}),
and β_{T}=isothermal compressibility
(Pa^{−1}). [Back]

^{d} Calculated using
the equation where α=thermal expansivity (K^{−1}),
T=temperature (K), ρ=density (kg
m^{−3}), and C_{P}=isobaric specific
heat (J kg^{−1} K^{−1}). κ_{S }may also be calculated by β_{S}=β_{T}C_{v} /C_{p}.
[Back]

^{e}
Data is calculated from the supercooled water equation of state [2089].
[ Back ]

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This page was established in 2000 and last updated by Martin Chaplin on 2 August, 2021

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